In the old days, we were not at all interested in information about how our phone works with the help of a processor. What was more important was what functions it possessed. But now we live in an era of the widespread distribution of devices based on the Android operating system. Such smartphones are very similar to each other in terms of functionality. But they do not always work stably - here everything depends on the chipset. That's why now you definitely need to know on which processor the smartphone or tablet that you are eyeing is based.
- Когда и зачем это нужно? 1 When and why is it needed?
- Типы устанавливаемых процессоров 2 Types of processors installed
- Получение информации об установленном процессоре 3 Obtaining information about the installed processor
When and why is it needed?
The processor on the Android smartphone plays a very important role. It is he who processes all the commands. The more powerful it is, the faster the device will cope with the solution of certain tasks. Of course, RAM also does its bit, but the role of the chipset is still much more important. Therefore, before you buy a smartphone, you should definitely learn about the name and structure of the processor. Suddenly some very weak quad-core solution from MediaTek is used here? In this case, you should not have very high hopes on the device - it will definitely slow down.
Such knowledge will not be superfluous for those who have already purchased a smartphone. If you familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the installed chipset, you can understand which games are worth downloading from Google Play, and which ones should not be wasted time. For example, dual-core solutions are gradually becoming a thing of the past, but devices created on their basis can still be bought by hand. If you have just such a gadget, then you can forget about modern games with three-dimensional graphics. The exception is only Intel mobile processors - they are made by a special technology, as a result of which the power is usually quite enough. But it is becoming less and less possible to meet such chipsets every year, since the American company almost completely abandoned the development of this direction.
Types of processors installed
Google’s mobile operating system only works fully on chipsets using the ARM architecture. We already wrote about this in an article devoted to Android emulators on a PC . However, the same architecture can have a variety of processors. First of all, they differ from each other in the technological process. The most popular are the chipsets made by the following process technology:
- 28 nm - now it is believed that such processors have too large transistors;
- 20 nm - for such chipsets, the dimensions of the insides are already noticeably smaller, which has a positive effect on power consumption;
- 16 nm - even more tiny transistors provide the processor with almost maximum energy efficiency;
- 14 nm - this technical process was introduced in the second half of 2016, the chipsets made on it are superior in power to absolutely all competitors.
It is believed that in the future, creators will be able to introduce a 10-nanometer process technology, and the laws of physics will not allow further reductions in the processor internals, unless the structure of the chipset is changed. However, the current capacities of smartphones and tablets are more than enough, so there is no point in developing this area.
Of course, mobile processors differ not only in the method of their creation. Different they have other parameters:
- The number of cores - in the simplest chips one core is used, and in the most powerful - ten and even more;
- Clock frequency - the larger this parameter, the more powerful are the processing cores;
- A graphics accelerator or GPU - it is he who processes the graphics in games and videos, in fact this is a kind of addition to the chipset with its own cores and frequency.
It is interesting that basically it depends on the processor whether the smartphone will support fourth-generation mobile networks. Also, far from all chipsets are capable of recognizing two or more SIM cards. And they differ in cost - the latest and most powerful models cost smartphone manufacturers $ 50-60 apiece!
Getting information about the installed processor
If you choose a smartphone and ask yourself the question “How do I know which processor is built into Android?”, Then we recommend that you go to Yandex.Market or some other website specializing in displaying the characteristics of portable gadgets. Here you will surely find a mention of the model of the installed chipset. And in most cases, the main processor specifications are also indicated here - the clock frequency, the number of cores and the video accelerator used.
If the smartphone or tablet is already in your hands, then you can do even easier. To get acquainted with the information about the installed chipset, just download some benchmark . For example, AnTuTu Benchmark is excellent for these purposes. But he evaluates absolutely all components of the device, and therefore testing takes quite a long time. If you are only interested in basic information, then download CPU-Z . Initially, this program only displayed data on the processor, although now you can find information on some other components in it, for example, the version of the operating system and the amount of RAM.
To display information about the chipset using CPU-Z, follow these steps:
Step 1. Download and install the application using the Google Play online store.
Step 2. Run the utility by finding its shortcut on the desktop or in the menu.
Step 3. If you are using Android 6.0 or a newer version of the operating system, the program may ask you to give it permission to get acquainted with the system data. Give her all the required permissions.
Step 4. Next, you can navigate the tabs with various information. The chipset, its characteristics and load are indicated in the very first tab under the name SOC (from the word "Socket").
That's all! This utility, like almost all benchmarks, is distributed free of charge, but advertising can be displayed during its use.